United Kingdom

UNITED KINGDOM: Abbreviated as UK

(England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales)

Demographics:

  •  Population: 63,395,574
  •  Capital: London
  •  Size: 243,610 sq km
  •  Government type: constitutional monarchy and Commonwealth realm
  • Official language: English
  • Ethnic groups: white (of which English 83.6%, Scottish 8.6%, Welsh 4.9%, Northern Irish 2.9%) 92.1%, black 2%, Indian 1.8%, Pakistani 1.3%, mixed 1.2%, other 1.6%
  • Major religion: Christian (Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Methodist) 71.6%
  • Main exports: manufactured goods, fuels, chemicals; food, beverages, tobacco

Economy:

  • The UK, a leading trading power and financial center, is the third largest economy in Europe after Germany and France.
  •  Services, particularly banking, insurance, and business services, account by far for the largest proportion of GDP while industry continues to decline in importance.
  • GDP per capita: 28, 577
  • Public debt: 70.7% of GDP
  • Unemployment rate: 7.8%
Each level of education in the UK has varying requirements which must be satisfied in order to gain entry at that level

Each level of education in the UK has varying requirements which must be satisfied in order to gain entry at that level

  • Entry to British universities is based on competitive entry. For British students, this will be based on their A level examination results. A majority of the universities in the Uk are financed by the government.
  • Students are able to borrow money to cover the cost and in Scotland, Wales and Northern-Ireland can students also apply for a means-tested loan.
  • The Uk’s school system is ranked sixth best in the world  and over 300,000 international students from 180 different countries are currently studying in British higher education.

Fun Facts:

  • In the UK it is illegal to die in the Houses of Parliament
  • There are more chickens then there are humans in the UK
  • Placing a postage stamp bearing the monarch’s head upside down on an envelope is considered as act of treason within the UK